The Woodstock First Nation members are the descendants of the Wulustukwiak people who traditionally inhabited southwestern New Brunswick along the St. John River as far as Kittery, Maine, USA. The closest town to Woodstock First Nation is Woodstock which is located approximately 9 km northwest of the reserve, and the closest city is Fredericton which is approximately 100 km east.
Initially, Woodstock First Nation consisted of 226.1 acres of land; however, a further five parcels of land totalling 166.9 acres were purchased in 1992. Currently, the total reserve land holding is 426 acres. The Woodstock First Nation registered population as of June 2017, was 1,046. The on-reserve population is 293 and the off-reserve population is 753. The predominant language within the community is English; however, among many Elders, the Maliseet language continues to be used and is considered by many to be their mother tongue.
Woodstock First Nation has developed businesses that focus on the sale of fuels, commercial logging, local fisheries, and gaming. The community is keen to contribute to the development of the Wisokolamson Energy Project and play a role in the transition towards clean energy sources.